Fakta sejarah: Cina di Tanah Melayu memang sokong gerila komunis (MPAJA) dan the Malayan Communist Party (MCP).
Dr Khong Kim Hoong, seorang bekas pensyarah profesor madya di Universiti Malaya berkata: “The MCA was never accepted as an alternative to the MCP by those who were even mildly sympathetic to the cause of the communists.”
Dalam bukunya yang berjudul ‘Merdeka!’, Dr Khong menjelaskan:
“Since it [MCA] was the only local Chinese political organization that was allowed to operate and given all the facilities by the government, it became the only legal channel through which many of the Chinese articulated their demands. The MCA therefore grew under the tutelage of the British government in Malaya.”
Kupasan di bawah dipetik daripada buku Dr Khong, Merdeka! British Rule and the Struggle for Independence in Malaya 1945-1957.
Ruj. mukasurat 232
Penubuhan MCA atas galakan British
Henry Gurney merupakan British High Commissioner di Malaya dari September 1948 hingga ke Oktober 1951 apabila beliau ditembak mati dalam serangan hendap oleh komunis.
Sir Henry telah menggalakkan pembentukan MCA kerana mengkehendaki satu pertubuhan untuk berfungsi sebagai pilihan alternatif bagi orang Cina bertujuan menghakis pengaruh komunis.
Menurut Dr Khong:
“The formation of the MCA had always been credited to Tan Cheng Lock, its first president. However it was more likely that the man who gave the final push for the organization to be set up was the British High Commissioner, Sir Henry Gurney. It was at a dinner party at the home of one of the Federal Council members, that he urged the 15 Chinese councillors present to form an organization representing the Chinese community as an alternative to the MCP and as a counterpart to UMNO. It was this encouragement from the High Commissioner that letters were sent the very next day, to all the prominent Chinese outlining the idea of such an organization.”
Politik benci taktik DAP, politik amarah taktik komunis
Orang kebanyakan Cina adalah asas sokongan bagi pihak komunis.
Langkah-langkah British untuk membendung kegiatan komunis, contohnya Rancangan Briggs, telah meninggalkan kesan ke atas kaum Cina yang pergerakan bebas mereka dikekang. Penghuni desa etnik Cina juga dikumpulkan dan ditempatkan di Kampung-kampung Baru (New Villages) serta dikenakan perintah berkurung pada waktu malam.
“The British too had not missed the opportunity that was provided by the ban on the MCP and all the left-wing organizations. They knew that the Chinese were dissatisfied with the government and the MCP had not only provided the channel through which the dissatisfaction was expressed but was also providing leadership and structuring the anger. The repressive measures that were used after the declaration of the Emergency  had certainly not endeared the government to the population who were most affected by them. The British saw in the promotion of a Chinese political organization under the leadership of the ‘moderate’ pro-British Chinese businessmen the instrument to draw the Chinese masses away from the MCP’s support base and to seek cooperation for the government.” (sumber: Merdeka! British Rule and the Struggle for Independence in Malaya 1945-1957)
Pengiktirafan MCA diberikan oleh British
Wakil-wakil keturunan Cina dalam majlis perundangan pada zaman pemerintahan British adalah menjadi ahli MCA secara automatik.
“Thus it was not a coincidence that the MCA was given official recognition immediately and its help enlisted by the government. In fact, the link between the British government and the MCA was not only informal but also structural. It was stated explicitly in the MCA’S constitution that the ‘Chinese members of the Legislative and Executive Councils would automatically become officers of the Association.”
MCA bukan parti akar umbi
Perenggan-perenggan di bawah dipetik daripada buku The Finest Hour: The Malaysian-MCP Peace Accord in Perspective yang dikarang oleh Dr Collin Abraham.
Ruj. Bab Pendahuluan, mukasurat xxxv
Dr Collin menulis:
“Above all, they [Malay elites] clearly represented a ‘moderate’ political group whom the British felt they could trust and rely on to protect colonial interests in the foreseeable future. In almost total contrast to UMNO, the MCA in terms of grassroots support and involvement among the Chinese community was almost negligible. In the first place, its origins were initiated by the British themselves, who felt that Chinese interests should be taken into account, at a time when Malay agitation against the Malayan Union was at its zenith. At the same time, Tunku Abdul Rahman was also under pressure by the British to work with the Kuomintang (KMT) Party to counter the moves of the MCP. The KMT eventually formed the backbone of the MCA.”
MCA bertongkatkan Umno sejak awal-awal lagi
Sebenarnya MCA tidak mempunyai sokongan golongan marhaen orang Cina tetapi sebaliknya parti itu diasaskan oleh ahli-ahli peniagaan besar untuk menjaga kepentingan korporat mereka.
Hubangan MCA dengan Umno adalah kerjasama yang saling menguntungkan. Umno mempunyai sokongan akar umbi manakala MCA mempunyai banyak duit untuk disumbangkan kepada kempen pilihanraya Umno.
“What is of primary concern here is that to all intents and purposes, ever since its foundation, the MCA was known and recognised as a party set up by big business people to protect their corporate interests in post-colonial Malaya. In these circumstances, it is not surprising that the strategy adopted by its leaders was to associate their business interests with the leaders in UMNO, as the party ‘heir apparent’, to be privy to the mandate for political independence, rather than attempt to build up a political party apparatus and seek grassroots support which it never had or was unlikely to secure.
“Therefore, the MCA entered into a coalition with UMNO, to form the Alliance, ostensibly as a means to promote inter-ethnic cooperation but actually for the mutual benefit as ‘UMNO had wide grassroots base that was crucial in enabling the MCA to secure seats for itself in Parliament in a federal election, while UMNO relied heavily on the cash-rich MCA to fund the coalition’s electoral campaigns’.” (sumber: The Finest Hour)
Namun hubungan MCA-Umno yang pada mulanya agak seimbang (MCA menyediakan dana perang, Umno menyediakan askar-askar turun ke padang) tetapi kian lama kian merosot.
“Although its election arrangements with UMNO initially paid off after the first general election in 1955, where MCA secured control over the key portfolios of Finance, and Trade and Industry, the subsequent election of 1969 saw its fortunes decline, despite the support of UMNO, when the party lost many of the seats it contested both at federal and state level.”
Sejak dari dahulu lagipun MCA sudah bergantung kepada undi orang Melayu Umno.