Below is the population chart of Malaysia based on our 2010 national census.
The three biggest states in the peninsula, going by the number of people, are Selangor, Johor and Perak.
In Selangor, the bumiputera population is 57.1 percent, in Johor it is 58.9 percent and in Perak 57.0 percent.
Source: Department of Statistics
They are Malay states
The smaller states are not multiracial.
The bumiputera population in Terengganu, for example, is 97.0%. The Department of Statistics unfortunately (or deliberately) gives the ethnic breakdown as “bumiputera” and not as “Malay”. But in reality, the orang asli pribumi are so small in number as to be negligible.
In 2003, the orang asli were a mere 0.6 per cent of the national population and numbering 147,412 individuals, according to the Center for Orang Asli Concerns.
Hence to all intents and purpose, ‘bumiputera’ in the peninsula refers to the Malays although a handful of Malaysians of Thai descent may be included in the bumiputera headcount. (I’m not sure whether mamaks were enumerated by the Stats Dept as ‘bumiputera’ but in any case, they are members of Umno – the United MALAYS National Organization).
So, we have:
Terengganu – 97.0 percent Malay
Kelantan – 95.7 percent Malay
Perlis – 88.4 percent Malay
Pahang – 79.0 percent Malay
Kedah – 77.9 percent Malay
Half of the peninsula are Malay states. If you lived in Kelantan, Terengganu or Perlis, you are ruled by a Malay government. This is the fact on the ground that cannot be negated by any amount of “political correctness”, i.e. the word “Malay” not allowed to be mentioned or else you’ll upset the Dapsters.
The same ‘Malay government’ situation is largely true for Pahang and Kedah too.
The only two states where the Malays are not an outright majority, i.e. not above 50 percent, are Penang (43.6 Malay) and the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (45.9 percent bumiputera). Only in tiny Penang and compact KL – please look at their sizes in the map above – can one escape from Malay rule … for the time being, at least.
Two down, one to go
Coincidentally the three biggest population states on the peninsula – Selangor, Johor and Perak – all fall within the band of 57-59 percent Malay population.
As we’ve noted in my earlier article, Perak is controlled by the BN Malay government comprising 30 Umno Aduns in a 59-seat state assembly. See donut chart below.
Malay gomen in Perak and Johor
Let’s now look at the composition of the Johor ruling coalition. Although not as lopsided as Perak, the BN reps in the Johor DUN are overwhelmingly Malay too.
Chinese Aduns are 3 percent in the BN Perak legislature and 8 percent in the Johor legislature.
In other words, two of the three biggest population states – Perak and Johor – are governed by Malays, and the Chinese hardly have any role in the administration.
BELOW: Two MCA and one Gerakan Chinese in Johor DUN
DAP has 13 Chinese Aduns in Johor
The MCA Yang Berhormat Teoh Yap Kun won Paloh by the slimmest majority of 103 votes in a DUN seat with a 44 percent Chinese electorate. Even Paloh’s hefty 39 percent Malay voters could barely help him scrape through, and then only by the skin of his teeth.
Tee Siew Kiong, the other MCA Yang Berhormat, contested in Pulai Sebatang, a seat with 63.8 percent Malay voters! His opponent was a PAS Malay. The Umno Malays in Johor were kind enough to pick Tee over their fellow orang Melayu.
Nonetheless, it’s certain that YB Paloh will be bundled away in GE14. By then, the DAP will ensure that they make a clean sweep of Chinese Johor.
Selangor will complete the trend
You can see from the chart above that the opposition bench in Johor is dominated by the Chinese (13 DAP Aduns, one PKR). This is because the DAP succeeded in almost wiping out the Johor MCA, even in the BN’s own fortress.
If in Perak and Johor, the Malays can rule without barely any participation by Chinese Aduns, there’s really no reason why Selangor cannot manage to do the same under the Malay rule of Umno and PAS.
The same Malay dominance of the BN pertains in Parliament.
Below are the current 133 BN bumiputera, Chinese and Indian MPs.
(Note: It is difficult to ascertain whether the Sabah Umno MPs as well as the Sarawak Muslim MPs are Melayu or pribumi. Hence they have to be grouped generally under the ‘bumiputera’ category.)
Observe that the BN in Parliament is overwhelmingly comprised of bumiputera (donut chart below) while the three Pakatan parties between them have 39 Malay, 38 Chinese and 9 Indian MPs.
Pakatan can keep the MCA
The BN reps in Parliament are overwhelmingly bumiputera. The Chinese have only a mere minimal presence among the ruling party MPs.
This situation of BN lacking Chinese elected leaders arose because the MCA allowed the Chinese tsunami to happen. On 5 May 2013 polling day, the Chinese voters hit Umno with everything they have got “ini kali lah”. Najib Razak was stunned and staggered by the wave of hate generated by the DAP but still standing.
The Chinese tsunami in GE13 proved to the pro-establishment Malays that even without Chinese support, the BN will not collapse. BN does not need Chinese votes to survive. BN is still the federal government despite the almost total rejection and all out enmity shown by the Chinese electorate.
This lesson can be applied to Selangor. Even without a shred of Chinese input, Umno combining with PAS will still be able to form the Selangor government.