Sino-Malay imbalance: Comparing Umno power-sharing vs DAP power-sharing
We’ll review the topic in relation to Penang, which is the state under DAP rule.
Click to enlarge
Before I discuss the seat allocations, take a look at the Penang population breakdown – projection for year 2014 by the Statistics Department (table below).
Penang has 1.66 million inhabitants.
Sino-Malay population ratio 1:1
Chinese are 684,700.
Malays are 684,500.
Chinese and Malays in Penang are almost equal in number.
In 2004, BN won the general election in Penang.
Under BN, Penang had a Chinese chief minister from Gerakan.
It had 14 Umno Aduns and 24 non-Umno Aduns in the 40-seat state legislative assembly.
This ratio of 14:24 is equal to a little more than one-third power to Umno, as against slightly less than two-thirds non-Umno power in the BN Penang state government.
The 14 Umno Aduns in Penang (2004-2008) were Malay. The 24 non-Umno BN Aduns were 22 Chinese YBs representing Gerakan plus MCA, and two Indian Aduns representing MIC.
No meritocracy under BN
The Penang population is 41.17 percent Chinese, 41.16 percent Malay plus 18 percent others – see pie chart above.
In 2004-2008, the BN as ruling party in the Penang legislature comprised 58 percent Chinese and 37 percent Malay YBs.
Under BN, the Adun ratio actually shortchanged the Malays. MCA-Gerakan YBs – all Chinese – were over-represented whereas Umno was disadvantaged.
Today the BN Chinese components have been wiped out. And although all 10 of the BN reps in Penang are solely from Umno – see table repeated below – nonetheless the BN Penang chairman is still a Chinese from Gerakan.
Clearly the BN does not believe in meritocracy.
GE12: Penang under Pakatan
Unlike Umno, DAP is not Parti Paling Tidak Apa. Instead DAP is Parti Paling Licik Berkira.
In 2008, Pakatan won the general election in Penang and in the process obliterated Gerakan and MCA from the state.
Under Pakatan, Penang had a chief minister parachuted from Malacca while the local DAP chief was sidelined despite that he (Chow Kon Yeow) won his Penang Parliament seat in 2004 when the rest of the DAP had fared badly due to the popular landslide in favour of Pak Lah.
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Following its GE12 success, Pakatan had 19 DAP Aduns and 10 non-Umno Aduns in the 40-seat Penang dewan.
Their Adun ratio at 19:10 is equal to a two-thirds DAP power, as against one-third mostly PKR power.
None of the 19 DAP Aduns in Penang were Malay.
DAP can rule Penang alone with a little help from Chinese ‘friends’
The 10 non-DAP Aduns in Penang (2008-2013) comprised nine from PKR and one from PAS:
- Tan Hock Leong (PKR – Machang Bubok)
- Ong Chin Wen (PKR – Bukit Tengah)
- Law Choo Kiang (PKR – Bukit Tambun)
- Jason Ong (PKR – Kebun Bunga)
- Sim Tze Tzin (PKR – Pantai Jerejak)
- S. Raveenthran (PKR – Batu Uban)
- Abdul Malik Kassim (PKR – Batu Maung)
- Maktar Shapee (PKR – Sungai Bakap)
- Mansor Othman (PKR – Penanti)
- Mohd Salleh Man (PAS – Permatang Pasir)
Even though there are equal numbers of Malays and Chinese living in Penang, the Chinese were disproportionately strong under BN (2004-2008) and overwhelmingly strong under DAP (2008 to present).
The Malay window-dressing is propped up as a figurehead only and quite dispensable. In the seven short years since DAP took power, Penang has already had three Malay Deputy Chief Minister (I), i.e.
- Mohammad Fairus Khairuddin (March 2008 – April 2009)
- Mansor Othman (June 2009 – May 2013)
- Mohd Rashid Hasnon (present)
What Malays can learn from Penang GE13 results
From the 40 state seats, the BN allocated 15 seats to Umno, and 25 seats to the non-Umno parties to contest.
Umno had a success rate of 66.7 percent, winning 10 seats out of 15. The non-Umno BN components in Penang were a total failure, winning zero seats.
Pakatan divided the 40 seats with 19 (or half) for DAP and the remaining 21 for the non-DAP parties.
There was however a three-cornered fight in Sungai Acheh with Umno facing off PKR’s Chegubard and PAS’s Penang Youth chief Yusni Mat Piah.
DAP won all 19 out of the 19 seats its contested – a perfect score. DAP’s coalition partners had a mere 50 percent success rate, with 22 PKR and PAS candidates winning 11 seats between them.
All the Pakatan losing candidates in Penang were the PAS and PKR Malays. All the Pakatan Chinese candidates in Penang – be they from DAP or PKR – won their seats.
Apa lagi Cina mahu?
What Bersih 4.0 signalled is that the Chinese are hell-bent on toppling the Malay-led government. Any incoming government to replace the BN will be led by the DAP – no ifs or buts about it.
I blogged a little earlier that the difference between Tsunami 1.0 on 5 May 2013 and Tsunami 2.0 on 30 Aug 2015 is the degree of saturation. In GE13, the DAP got 90 percent of the Chinese to vote opposition.
In the latest edition of Bersih, the DAP got the Chinese to take to the streets in the largest show of force since 9 May 1969. The level of commitment to the DAP from the Chinese is quite unhinged.
DAP has created an army of hate-filled followers.
Langkah mayat dulu
Former DAP Johor deputy chairman Norman Fernandez said, “Malays will shed blood rather than give up political power to the Chinese”.
What Norman says is true.
MCA too realises this. It wants a BN supreme council meeting ASAP to confer on the tense race relations in the aftermath of Bersih 4.0. The MCA is right to be worried and its president correct to say that “the rally had been hijacked by DAP to sow hatred”.
BELOW: Anger monger Hannah Yeoh inciting rage among her Twitter followers
ABOVE: Hannah Yeoh’s staff carrying a plaacard at Bersih 4.0 saying “Siapa takut Bersih memang kotor”
Damage control is mission impossible
For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction, according to Newton’s Third Law of Motion.
For every provocation, there is an equal and opposite retaliation.
They are convinced that Malays are gullible fools who can be persuaded to believe Bersih 4.0 was all about patriotism, desire for good governance and a clean government in tandem with spreading Christian LOVE all around.
PIX: Archbishop Julian Leow in Berish 4.0 T-shirt taking part in the rally
But the Malays have eyes. They can see that Bersih 4.0 is the Yellow River bursting its banks in fury. The sight of the Chinese spilling into the streets, once beheld cannot be “unseen” (erased from memory).
Former MCA vice president Gan Ping Sieu tweeted today that his party has become utterly irrelevant – see his tweet below.
Previously MCA was the buffer against Malay hostility and antagonism. MCA is however unable to shoulder this onerous burden anymore as the party is dead and its media empire Nest of Evangelistas is out of control.
The Chinese believe that they can get a better deal with the DAP than they got under the BN. In Penang, they grabbed power by completely demolishing the BN Chinese (13 Gerakan and 10 MCA candidates) as well as the BN Indians (two MIC candidates).
To grab further power, these DAP rabid supporters will have to confront the Malays now. They have shown their hand without having any ace up the sleeve.