Tribalism is the natural order of things. Pluralism (multiracial, multi religious diversity) is a forced framework imposed on unwilling groups.
‘Is Bosnia on the brink of war?’, the Turks want to know.
This trending topic was discussed in the Roundrable programme aired a couple of days ago on the ‘TRT World’ channel — video below.
TRT is the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation, i.e. Turkey’s national public broadcaster.
Bosnia experienced a civil war previously in 1992–1995.
“As the country seems to be breaking apart, will armed conflict return?” TRT asked its roundtable panelists on Wednesday (Jan 26).
Bosnia is being forcibly held together only by the Dayton Accords brokered in November 1995 by world policeman USA.
USA and its deputy sheriff the UK (+ Nato) had forced the Dayton ‘peace’ agreement on Bosnia more than 26 years ago.
Talk, talk and more talk
Today the UK is still declaring that it “will not allow division of Bosnia, Herzegovina”, reported the Anadolu Agency – another Turkish news media – a few days ago on Jan 24.
In other words, the UK is determined to tie the Bosniaks to the Serbs even though the dysfunctional Bosnian couple desire a divorce.
Ever eager to show “how the UK can do more to help the forces of good“, a British delegation paid a visit to Bosnia earlier this week (Jan 26–28).
Like a marriage counsellor, the UK foreign affairs committee were in Sarajevo to urge the return to “constructive dialogue”.
Read embassy communique (linked below) by Matt Field, British ambassador to Bosnia.
A tale of two religions
Washington DC, New York, London and other European cities this month saw demonstrations calling “for action to prevent Bosnia sliding into war”, reported Al Jazeera (see below).
Meanwhile Christian Serbs also marched in Republika Srpska chanting “For the cross, for the cross!” said Al Jazeera in the same Jan 10 news report.
Al Jazeera English (@AJEnglish) January 10, 2022
Republika Srpska is the Serbian part of Bosnia and Herzegovina (single country but with a double-barrelled name, similar to Trinidad and Tobago, St Kitts and Nevis, Sao Tome and Principe and others).
Serbs form some 30 percent of the population in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Other ethnics in Bosnia are the majority Bosniaks (above 50%) and the minority Croats (around 15%).
Bosnia is saddled by the Dayton Accords with a system of power sharing between Muslims and Christians.
But the Dayton detente, which World Policeman (USA) and Deputy Sheriff (UK) imposed on Bosnia, is not necessarily what its people want to forever keep.
”There are Bosnian Serbs who would be quite happy to join Serbia. There are Bosnian Croats who would be quite happy to be part of greater Croatia,” said war correspondent Tim Marshall in The Red Line podcast below (refer timestamp 1:06:10).
Serbia is Bosnia’s neighbouring country which borders its east, and Croatia is Bosnia’s neighbour bordering its north.
Religious ecosystem like Lebanon’s
Discussing the issue of ‘Bosnia: A Peace in Pieces’, The Red Line – see 12 Dec 2021 video above – opined that “Bosnia is currently sliding back toward ethnic conflict and civil strife”.
Bosnia’s ethnic conflict overlaps religious conflict since its Bosniaks are Muslim, its Serbs are orthodox Christian and its Croats are Catholic.
Overseeing the dominant faith in Republika Srpska as well as in the former Yugoslav republic of Montenegro is the Serbian Orthodox Church.
In light of the boiling crisis in Bosnia, Al-Jazeera on 8 Dec 2021 asked whether a split between the Bosniaks and Bosnian Serbs is inevitable.
Some political observers also see the hand of Russia in further fracturing the fragile country — listen to the panelists on Al-Jazeera (video above).
However according to Tass, the Russian state news agency, it is the West that is interfering and raising tensions in the Balkans.
“Western forces are trying to destroy the Serbian Orthodox Church in the former Yugoslavia as well as the Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine”, Tass quoted Serbia President Aleksandar Vucic as saying on 5 Sept 2021.
Like in Lebanon, the detail of ‘who’ – individual selected based on his race and religion – is allowed to hold what political office is baked into Bosnia’s bizarre constitution.
If you thought that the political setup in Lebanon – with its always Christian president-Sunni prime minister-Shia parliament speaker – was complex, then wait till you see Bosnia’s tripartite presidency which rotates every eight months!
Bosnia has three presidents, thirteen prime ministers and a ’byzantine‘ maze of VIPs parked under the Dayton constitutional framework. It’s complicated.
BELOW: The gift of Dayton Accords from the Yanks and the Brits to Bosnia is a present from hell